The village of Walajeh is located on the southern border between Jerusalem and the West Bank, in the region of Bethlehem. About a third of the village’s land is located within the boundaries of the Jerusalem municipality. Some residents in the village have Jerusalem ID cards, while the rest have West Bank ID cards.
If the Separation Barrier followed the municiple boundary in the area of Walajeh, the route would cut the village into two. The residents of Walajeh prefer to remain together on the eastern side of the Wall, and to be connected to the Bethlehem region, despite the implications (such as losing their connection to Jerusalem and even giving up their Jerusalem identity cards). Israel decided that the route of the Wall should completely enclose the village, with only one access point via road to Beit Jala. This decision is intended to protect the main transportation route that connects Har Gilo to Jerusalem.( to view a map of the wall)
Represented by attorney Jawat Nasser, Ir Amim, the Society for the Protection of Nature, and the Givat Yael Company petitioned the High Court, requesting that the route of the wall be built closer to the green line out of environmental concerns to preserve the area's ancient agricultural and irrigation systems, and to prevent the village's isolation from its natural surroundings. The residents of the village also appealed to the court claiming that the requisition orders on the land planned for fence construction are expired. On July 25th, 2010, the court issued a decree nisi ordering the state to issue an explanation within 45 days to the following questions:
1. Why are the requisitions orders for the construction of the separation barrier in the Walajeh not being treated as expired (as the inhabitants claim they are)?
2. Why won’t the state reconsider the route of the barrier according to the inhabitant’s proposals, which are backed by the professional opinon of Colonel. (res.) Yuval Dvir from the Council of Peace and Security? According to the proposal of the inhabitants, the route of the fence could be built closer to the green line in such as way that will not eradicate its agricultural economy and isolate the village from its surroundings.